Locative Markers in Kinyarwanda as Determiners
Kinyarwanda has three locative markers (ku, mu, and i), which belong to classes 17, 18, and 19 respectively, and one locative noun prefix ha- of class 16. Semantically the locative markers ku, mu, and i refer to places and seem to perform the function of prepositions found in languages such as English as they are often used with verbs of position such as -iicara 'sit', -hágarara 'stand' or movement such as -za 'come' or -jya 'go'. Syntactically they precede noun class prefixes and are in complementary distribution with augments and demonstratives. The aim of this paper is to show that unlike ha- of class 16, the locative markers ku, mu, and i are not noun class prefixes. It is also shown that they are not prepositions; although they have semantic properties of prepositions, syntactically they are determiners on a par with augments and demonstratives.